Overview of the Different Approaches to Putting Machine Learning (ML) Models in Production

There are different approaches to putting models into productions, with benefits that can vary dependent on the specific use case. Take for example the use case of churn prediction, there is value in having a static value already that can easily be looked up when someone calls a customer service, but there is some extra value that could be gained if, for specific events, the model could be re-run with the newly acquired information.There are generally different ways to both train and serve models into production:Train: one-off, batch and real-time/online trainingServe: Batch, Realtime (Database Trigger, Pub/Sub, web-service, inApp)Each approach has its own set of benefits and tradeoffs that need to be considered.

One-off TrainingModels dont necessarily need to be continuously trained in order to be pushed to production. Quite often, a model can be just trained ad-hoc by a data-scientist and pushed to production until its performance deteriorates enough that they are called upon to refresh it.From Jupyter to Proddata scientists prototyping and doing machine learning tend to operate in their environment of choice Jupyter Notebooks.

Essentially an advanced GUI on a repl,that allows you to save both code and command outputs.Using that approach ,it is more than feasible to push an ad-hoc trained model from some piece of code in Jupyter to production. Different types of libraries and other notebook providers help further tie the link between the data-scientist workbench and production.

Model FormatPickle converts a Python object to a bitstream and allows it to be stored to disk and reloaded at a later time. It provides a good format to store machine learning models provided that their intended applications are also built-in python.ONNX ,the Open Neural Network Exchange Format is an open format that supports the storing and porting of predictive models across libraries and languages.

Most deep learning libraries support it, and sklearn also has a library extension to convert their model to ONNXs format.PMML or Predictive model markup language, is another interchange format for predictive models. Like for ONNX ,sklearn also has another library extension for converting the models to PMML format.

It has the drawback ,however of only supporting certain types of prediction models.PMML has been around since 1997 and so has a large footprint of applications leveraging the format. Applications such as SAP for instance is able to leverage certain versions of the PMML standard, likewise for CRM applications such as PEGA.

POJO and MOJO are H2O. ais export format, that intendeds to offers an easily embeddable model into java application. They are however very specific to using the H2Os platform.

TrainingFor one-off training of models, the model can either be trained and fine-tune ad-hoc by data-scientists or training through AutoML libraries. Having an easily reproducible setup, however ,helps to push into the next stage of productionalization, ie:,batch training.Batch TrainingWhile not fully necessary to implement a model in production, batch training allows us to have a constantly refreshed version of your model based on the latest train.

Batch training can benefit a-lot from AutoML type of frameworks, AutoML enables you to perform/automate activities such as feature processing, feature selection, model selections, and parameter optimization. Their recent performance has been on par or bested the most diligent data-scientists.Using them allows for a more comprehensive model training than what was typically done before their ascent: simply retraining the model weights.

Different technologies exist that are made to support this continuous batch training, these could ,for instance ,be set up through a mix of airflow to manage the different workflow and an AutoML library such as tpot,. Different cloud providers offer their solutions for AutoML that can be put in a data workflow. Azure ,for instance ,integrates machine learning prediction and model training with their data factory offering.

Real-time trainingReal-time training is possible with Online Machine Learning models, algorithms supporting this method of training include K-means (through mini-batch), Linear and Logistic Regression (through Stochastic Gradient Descent) as well as Naive Bayes classifier. Spark has StreamingLinearAlgorithm/StreamingLinearRegressionWithSGD to perform these operations,; sklearnhas SGDRegressor and SGDClassifier that can be incrementally trained. In sklearn, the incremental training is done through the partial_fit method ,as shown below:When deploying this type of model ,there needs to be serious operational support and monitoring as the model can be sensitive to new data and noise, and model performance needs to be monitored on the fly.

In offline training, you can filter points of high leverage and correct for this type of incoming data. This is much harder to do when you are constantly updating your model training based on a stream of new data points.Another challenge that occurs with training online models is that they dont decay historical information.

This means that, in case there are structural changes in your datasets, the model will need to be anyway re-trained and that there will be a big onus in model lifecycle management. Batch vs. Real-time PredictionWhen looking at whether to setup a batch or real-time prediction, it is important to get an understanding of why making real-time prediction would be important.

It can potentially be for getting a new score when significant events happen, for instance w,hat would be the churn score of customers when they call a contact center. These benefits need to be weighted against the complexity and cost implications that arise from making real-time predictions. Load implicationsCatering to real-time prediction, equires a way to handle peak load.

Depending on the approach taken and how the prediction ends up being used, choosing a real-time approach, might also require to have a machine with extra computing power available in order to provide a prediction within a certain SLA. This contrasts with a batch approach where the predictions computing can be spread out throughout the day based on available capacity. Infrastructure ImplicationsGoing for real-time, put a much higher operational responsibility.

People need to be able to monitor how the system is working, be alerted when there is an issue as well as take some consideration with respect to failover responsibility. For batch prediction, the operational obligation is much lower, some monitoring is definitely needed, and altering is desired but the need to be able to know of issues arising directly is much lower. Cost ImplicationsGoing for real-time predictions also has cost implications, going for more computing power, not being able to spread the load throughout the day can force into purchasing more computing capacity than you would need or to pay for spot price increase.

Depending on the approach and requirements taken t,here might also be extra cost due to needing more powerful compute capacity to SLAs. Furthermore, there would tend to be a higher infrastructure footprint when choosing for real-time predictions. One potential caveat there is where the choice is made to rely on in-app prediction.

For that specific scenario ,the cost might end up being cheaper than going for a batch approach.Evaluation ImplicationsEvaluating the prediction performance in a real-time manner can be more challenging than for batch predictions. How do you evaluate performance when you are faced with a succession of actions in a short burst producing multiple predictions for a given customer for instance?

Evaluating and debugging real-time prediction models are significantly more complex to manage. They also require a log collection mechanism that allows to both collect the different predictions and features that yielded the score for further evaluation.Batch Prediction IntegrationBatch predictions rely on two different sets of information, one is the predictive model, and the other one is the features that we will feed the model.

In most types of batch prediction architecture, ETL is performed to either fetch pre-calculated features from a specific datastore (feature-store) or performing some type of transformation across multiple datasets to provide the input to the prediction model. The prediction model then iterates over all the rows in the datasets providing a different score.Once all the predictions have been computed, we can then serve the score to the different systems wanting to consume the information.

This can be done in a different manner depending on thee use case for which we want to consume the score, for instance, if we wanted to consume the score on a front-end application, we would most likely push the data to a cache or NoSQL database such as Redis so that we can offer milliseconds responses, while for certain use cases such as the creation of an email journey, we might just be relying on a CSV SFTP export or a data load to a more traditional RDBMS.Real-time Prediction integrationBeing able to push a model into production for real-time applications require three base components. A customer/user profile, a set of triggers, and predictive models.

Profile: The customer profile contains all the related attributes to the customer as well as the different attributes (eg: counters) necessary in order to make a given prediction. This is required for customer level prediction in order to reduce the latency of pulling the information from multiple places as well as to simplify the integration of machine learning models in productions. In most cases a similar type of data store would be needed in order to effectively fetch the data needed to power the prediction model.

Triggers: Triggers are events causing the initiation of the process. They can be for the case of churn, events such as calling to a customer service center, checking information within your order history, etc Models: models need to have been pre-trained and typically exported to one of the formats previously mentioned (pickle, ONNX, PMML) to be something that we could easily port to production.There are quite a few different approaches to putting models for scoring purpose in production:Relying on in-Database integration: a lot of database vendors have made a significant effort to tie up advanced analytics use cases within the database.

Be it by direct integration of Python or R code, to the import of PMML model.Exploiting a Pub/Sub model: The prediction model is essentially an application feeding of a data-stream and performing certain operations, such as pulling customer profile information.Webservice: Setting up an API wrapper around the model prediction and deploying it as a web-service.

Depending on the way the web-service is setup it might or might not do the pull or data needed to power the model.inApp: it is also possible to deploy the model directly into a native or web application and have the model be run on local or external data sources.Database integrationsIf the overall size of your database is fairly small (

Postgres possess an integration that allows to run Python code as functions or stored procedure called PL/Python. This implementation has access to all the libraries that are part of the PYTHONPATH, and as such are able to use libraries such as Pandas and SKlearn to run some operations.This can be coupled with Postgres Triggers Mechanism to perform a run of the database and update the churn score.

For instance if a new entry is made to a complaint table, it would be valuable to have the model be re-run in real-time.Sequence flowThe flow could be setup in the following way:New Event: When a new row is inserted in the complaint table, an event trigger is generated.Trigger: The trigger function would update the number of complaints made by this customer in the customer profile table and fetch the updated record for the customer.

Prediction Request: Based on that it would re-run the churn model through PL/Python and retrieve the prediction.Customer Profile Update: It can then re-update the customer profile with the updated prediction. Downstream flows can then happen upon checking if the customer profile has been updated with a new churn prediction value.

TechnologiesDifferent databases are able to support the running of Python script, this is the case of PostGres which has a native Python integration as previously mentioned, but also of Ms SQL Server through its Machine Learning Service (in Database), other databases such as Teradata, are able to run R/Python script through an external script command. While Oracle supports PMML model through its data mining extension.Pub/SubImplementing real-time prediction through a pub/sub model allows to be able to properly handle the load through throttling.

For engineers, it also means that they can just feed the event data through a single logging feed, to which different applications can subscribe.An example, of how this could be setup is shown below:The page view event is fired to a specific event topic, on which two applications subscribe a page view counter, and a prediction. Both of these applications filter out specific relevant events from the topic for their purpose and consume the different messages in the topics.

The page view counter app, provides data to power a dashboard, while the prediction app, updates the customer profile.Sequence flow:Event messages are pushed to the pub/sub topic as they occur, the prediction app polls the topic for new messages. When a new message is retrieved by the prediction app, it will request and retrieve the customer profile and use the message and the profile information to make a prediction.

which it will ultimately push back to the customer profile for further use.A slightly different flow can be setup where the data is first consumed by an enrichment app that adds the profile information to the message and then pushes it back to a new topic to finally be consumed by the prediction app and pushed onto the customer profile.Technologies:The typical open-source combination that you would find that support this kind of use case in the data ecosystem is a combination of Kafka and Spark streaming, but a different setup is possible on the cloud.

On google notably a google pub-sub/dataflow (Beam) provides a good alternative to that combination, on azure a combination of Azure-Service Bus or Eventhub and Azure Functions can serve as a good way to consume the messages and generate these predictions.Web ServiceWe can implement models into productions as web-services. Implementing predictions model as web-services are particularly useful in engineering teams that are fragmented and need to handle multiple different interfaces such as web, desktop, and mobile.

Interfacing with the web-service could be setup in a different way:either providing an identifier and having the web-service pull the required information, compute the prediction and return its valueOr by accepting a payload, converting it to a data-frame, making the prediction, and returning its value.The second approach is usually recommended in cases, when there is a lot of interaction happening and a local cache is used to essentially buffer the synchronization with the backend systems, or when needing to make a prediction at a different grain than a customer id, for instance when doing session-based predictions.The systems making use of local storage, tend to have a reducer function, which role is to calculate what would be the customer profile, should the event in local storage be integrated back.

As such it provides an approximation of the customer profile based on local data.Sequence FlowThe flow for handling the prediction using a mobile app, with local storage can be described in 4 phases.Application Initialization (1 to 3): The application initializes, and makes a request to the customer profile, and retrieve its initial value back, and initialize the profile in local storage.

Applications (4): The application stores the different events happening with the application into an array in local storage.Prediction Preparation (5 to 8): The application wants to retrieve a new churn prediction, and therefore needs to prepare the information it needs to provide to the Churn Web-service. For that, it makes an initial request to local storage to retrieve the values of the profile and the array of events it has stored.

Once they are retrieved, it makes a request to a reducer function providing these values as arguments, the reducer function outputs an updated* profile with the local events incorporated back into this profile.Web-service Prediction (9 to 10): The application makes a request to the churn prediction web-service, providing the different the updated*/reduced customer profile from step 8 as part of the payload. The web-service can then used the information provided by the payload to generate the prediction and output its value, back to the application.

TechnologiesThere are quite a few technologies that can be used to power a prediction web-service:FunctionsAWS Lambda functions, Google Cloud Functions and Microsoft Azure Functions (although Python support is currently in Beta) offer an easy to setup interface to easily deploy scalable web-services.For instance, on Azure a prediction web-service could be implemented through a function looking roughly like this:ContainerAn alternative to functions, is to deploy a flask or django application through a docker container (Amazon ECS, Azure Container Instance or Google Kubernetes Engine). Azure for instance provides an easy way to setup prediction containers through its Azure Machine Learning service.

NotebooksDifferent notebooks providers such as databricks and dataiku have notably worked on simplifying the model deployment from their environments. These have the feature of setting up a web service to a local environment or deploying to external systems such as Azure ML Service, Kubernetes engine etcin AppIn certain situations when there are legal or privacy requirements that do not allow for data to be stored outside of an application, or there exists constraints such as having to upload a large amount of files, leveraging a model within the application tends to be the right approach.Android-ML Kit or the likes of Caffe2 allows to leverage models within native applications, while Tensorflow.

js and ONNXJS allow for running models directly in the browser or in apps leveraging javascripts.ConsiderationsBeside the method of deployments of the models, they are quite a few important considerations to have when deploying to production.Model ComplexityThe complexity of the model itself, is the first considerations to have.

Models such as linear regression and logistic regression are fairly easy to apply and do not usually take much space to store. Using a more complex model such as a neural network or complex ensemble decision tree will end up taking more time to compute, more time to load into memory on cold start and will prove more expensive to runData SourcesIt is important to consider the difference that could occur between the data source in productions and the one used for training. While it is important for the data used for the training to be in sync with the context it would be used for in production, it is often impractical to recalculate every value so that it becomes perfectly in-sync.

Experimentation frameworkSetting up an experimentation framework, A/B testing the performance of different models versus objective metrics. And ensuring that there is sufficient tracking to accurately debug and evaluate models performance a posteriori.Wrapping UpChoosing how to deploy predictive models into production is quite a complex affair, there are different ways to handle the lifecycle management of the predictive models, different formats to stores them, multiple ways to deploy them and very vast technical landscape to pick from.

Understanding specific use cases, the teams technical and analytics maturity, the overall organization structure and its interactions, help come to the right approach for deploying predictive models to production.More from me on Hacking Analytics:One the evolution of Data EngineeringAirflow, the easy wayE-commerce Analysis: Data-Structures and ApplicationsSetting up Airflow on Azure & connecting to MS SQL Server3 simple rules to build machine learning Models that add value

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Back to School Help!Read Details! Get 10Points For1 with Best Outfit!?
Back to School Help!Read Details! Get 10Points For1 with Best Outfit!?
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Design Scheme of Multi-channel Voltage Measurement Based on Stm32
Design Scheme of Multi-channel Voltage Measurement Based on Stm32
This design proposes a design scheme of multi-channel voltage measurement based on STM32 chip, and the measurement range is between 0-10V. The built-in A / D of STM32 samples the multi-channel voltage values to obtain the corresponding digital quantity. Then the corresponding analog voltage value is obtained according to the proportional relationship between digital quantity and analog quantity, which is displayed by TFTLCD display equipment, and the multi-channel collected data is stored in SD card.1. IntroductionIn recent years, data acquisition and its application have attracted more and more attention, and data acquisition system has developed rapidly. It can be widely used in various fields.Data acquisition technology is one of the important branches of information science. Data acquisition is also a process of obtaining object information from one or more signals. Data acquisition is an important link in industrial control systems. It is usually realized by some single chip microcomputer systems with relatively independent functions. As an indispensable part of the measurement and control system, the performance characteristics of data acquisition directly affect the whole system.Voltage measurement is the most universal. It is of great significance to study and design methods and instruments to improve voltage measurement accuracy. In the design of voltage measurement, single chip microcomputer as controller is the core of the whole design. In addition, there must be an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) in the design. ADC is used to directly collect analog voltage and convert analog signal into digital signal. It directly affects the accuracy and speed of data acquisition.2. System overviewThe microcontroller of this design adopts STM32 single chip microcomputer.STM32 Series MCU is designed based on the Cortex-M3 core of arm company. Its clock frequency reaches 72mhz. It is a high-performance product among similar products. It has the advantages of high performance, low cost and low power consumption. It is a good choice in embedded application design. The A / D converter in the design adopts STM32 built-in ADC. STM32 ADC is a 12 bit successive approximation analog-to-digital converter.It has up to 18 channels and can measure 16 external and 2 internal signal sources. The A / D conversion of each channel can be performed in single, continuous, scanning or intermittent mode. The conversion results can be stored in the 16 bit data register in left or right alignment. The maximum input clock can reach 14mhzThis design can measure the voltage value of 8 channels, the measurement range is 0-10V, and the display error is ± 0.001V. LCD displays the voltage value and waveform in real time, and microSD card synchronously stores the data. The system principle block diagram is shown in Figure 1.Design scheme of multi-channel voltage measurement based on stm323.3 LCD control circuitThe LCD used in this design is 2.4 inches, 320 & times; 240 resolution. The LCD module is controlled by the FSMC interface of STM32.FSMC (flexible static memory controller) can be changed into static storage controller. It is a unique storage control mechanism of STM32 series high storage density microcontroller with internal integration of flash of more than 256Kb and suffixes Xc, XD and Xe. By setting the special function register, FSMC can send corresponding data / address / control signal types according to different external memory types to match the speed of the signal, so that STM32 series microcontrollers can not only apply various external static memories of different types and speeds, Moreover, it can expand a variety of different types of static memory without adding external devices, so as to meet the comprehensive requirements of system design for storage capacity, product volume and cost.In STM32, one end of FSMC is connected to core Cortex-M3 through internal high-speed bus AHB, and the other end is an external bus for extended memory. After the access signal of the kernel to the external memory is sent to the AHB bus, it is converted into a signal conforming to the communication protocol of the external memory through the FSMC and sent to the corresponding pin of the external memory to realize the data interaction between the kernel and the external memory. FSMC acts as a bridge, which can not only convert the signal type, but also adjust the signal width and timing, so as to shield the differences of different storage types and make them no difference to the kernel.FSMC can connect devices such as nor / PSRAM / NAND / PC card, and has FSMC_ A [25:0] has 26 address buses and FSMC [15:0] has 16 data buses. In addition, the extended storage space of FSMC is divided into 8 blocks. Select the block of the operation through the address line. In this way, the LCD will operate as a memory with one address space.3.4 SD card drive circuitThe SD card used in this design is microSD, also known as TF card. MicroSD card is a very small flash memory card, which is mainly used in mobile phones. However, due to its small volume and the continuous improvement of storage capacity, it has been used in GPS devices, portable music players, digital cameras and some flash memory disks. The pin diagram of microSD card is shown in Figure 9.MicroSD card, like SD card, has SPI and SDIO operation buses. Compared with SDIO bus, SPI bus has simple interface, but its speed is slow. We use SDIO mode.MicroSD card has 4 data lines in SDIO mode.In fact, microSD has 1-wire mode and 4-wire mode in SDIO mode, that is, 1 or 4 data lines are used respectively. Of course, the speed of 4-wire mode is faster than that of 1-wire mode, but the operation is more complex. The 4-wire mode of SDIO is used in this design. The hardware connection diagram of microSD card is shown in Figure 3.STM32 MCU Chinese official websiteSTMicroelectronics / St / STM
How Does Temperature Affect the Speed of Sound?
How Does Temperature Affect the Speed of Sound?
As other answers show, the speed of sound is slightly influenced by temperature.Much more interesting is the influence of gradients in temperature! The usual distribution of temperature at different heights is: high at ground level, decreasing upwards. This profile, with slightly higher sound velocity at ground level causes wave fronts to curve upwards. Sometimes the temperature profile is inverse, from ground level to a certain height, in the order of hundreds of meters. This inversion layer acts as a reflector, causing sound to propagate over much larger distances.It is not the speed as such, but the differences in speed that have important influence on sound propagation.1. How to increase my running speed?No, leaping prime does now not make you a quicker runner. Speed is muscular so you will do whole frame paintings along side plyometrics, which can be exceptional varieties of bounding and leaping to construct explosive force. To get greater at going for walks you ought to run. If you are employed on lifting and doing the plyometrics you are going to have the groundwork to upgrade your going for walks. What form of going for walks are you running for? If it's soccer then you definitely will have to coach for brief bursts of velocity. If it's one other game you have got to appear on the distances required on your game. A huge aspect of velocity it response. That manner the begin. Whether it's out of the blocks in a race, or attending to a fly ball within the outfield. Speed is vigor so that you ought to be ready to loosen up rise up tall, maintain your elbows at ninety levels, swing them directly entrance to again, and now not throughout your frame. Land at the balls of your ft.2. Water flows through a 1.5 cm diameter pipe into a 275 liter bathtub, which it fills in 5 minutes. What is the speed of the water in the pipe?Mass of 275 litres of Water divided by 5 minutes x 60 seconds = Time of 300 secondsMass Flow Rate of 0.9166 litres per secondThis is excessive amount of water in Speed or Velocity to fill a bathtub in 300 seconds. See IPHE & CIBSE CoP & Technical Guidance on maximum flow rate for 15 mm smooth wall copper pipework. The water pressure is another factor is consider.Water flows through a 1.5 cm diameter pipe into a 275 liter bathtub, which it fills in 5 minutes. What is the speed of the water in the pipe?.3. Not getting the download speed I should be getting?you download a file to what ? a phone or a computer? ethernet or wirelessly ? you need to be more clear on how to ask a question, even with my godlike powers i cant read your mind4. Need help gaining speed/trimming fat?challenging task. browse in google. that will may help!5. Why are people so insistent that speed of light is constant for all observers and is the maximum traveling speed?In special relativity, when the speed of light is constant for everyone, time can be different. When different travellers or observers have light remain constant, their time can change to allow for this. So try to wrap your head around the fact that different observers can have differences in time, and this allows the speed of light to remain constant for all observers.6. fur nice fan motor Polly have to be smaller to make the fan go faster?Motor pulley larger or driven pulley smaller will increase speed7. What are the technical factors in a processor that determine its speed?Clock Speed of the Processor and its primary cache size determines its speed in terms of throughput8. Is faster than the speed of light possible?well ist just a theory so it could be or couldnt be true.....einstien said if we could go the speed of light then we cold time travel...other people say it is still expanding....what i want to know is how can all of that crap fit into somthing the size of a pin head lol.9. How to train for faster picking speed on guitar?Assuming we are talking about alternate picking, there are basically two exercise methods for building speed.The first and the better known one is to start slow. Set your metronome to a comfortable tempo and play the exercise a few times. Then go up 2 bpms or so and repeat. Continue alternating between plus two and minus one. Back down some 10 bpm when you hit your limit and work your way up from there again. You can go up 10 bpm or so from time to time just to see how it feels. The second one is to practice in bursts. Start with two notes and play as fast as you can. Then add the third and continue from there. This method is not as well known as the first one but is every bit as useful. You can also start from the most difficult spot on the exercise and add notes on both sides.Practicing scales only is probably not the best way to go. There are specially crafted exercise sets to build speed that isolate common patterns. Troy Stetina's book Speed Mechanics contains one such set.In terms of technique, on your left hand, only apply enough pressure to avoid buzz. You will get tired very quickly if you exert more force than necessary. The lighter your left hand touch is, the easier it is to play fast. It's easier said than done but that's the whole idea of practicing.On your right hand, I would not worry that much about wrist vs. elbow unless you are aiming for Guiness speed record. Wrist movement is probably a bit better but there's nothing wrong with a combination of wrist and elbow. Guitarists argue about it all the time but there are superb guitarists in both camps which proves that both techniques are equally viable. Just avoid finger movement, it does not work for fast playing
What Is WiFi? Just Tell Me What It Is, and What It's Used For.?
What Is WiFi? Just Tell Me What It Is, and What It's Used For.?
Wi-Fi= wireless fidelity and what everyone else said1. i want to acess internet on my psp and my pc.i heard about this wifi link.i don't what a wifi is.plz help?you are not going to get free internet. if you want internet you have to pay for it. all Wi-Fi is, is you plugging a router into your internet connection, then the router transmits a signal.2. What WiFi router should I buy for my 800 SF apartment?Any wifi router provided by the internet provider will do and serve the purpose...An apartment area of 800 sq. ft is small enough which can easily be served by the company provided hardwares!You would not want to have a very strong signal that anyone outside your apartment can tap into!3. What is wifi and how do I know if my house has it?Wi-Fi is a wireless internet connection that things like laptops, wireless cards, and game systems use connect to the internet. If you do not have a wireless router, you do not have Wi-Fi4. What Wifi usb Adpter Is Better?Neither, they are both low quality. Buy from a reputable brand5. what is wifi actually? how does it works?it's a wireless connection. you can connect any computing device as long as you have a wireless nic enabled on that certain device. to access the internet you need to be in a "hotspot" that's the place where you can get your signal to connect to the internet6. How can I find out what Wifi networks my iPhone knows about?I think the only way is to actually be in range of the network that you want to get rid of. You can not actually see what networks you have stored, not that I know of, but if you want to get rid of a network.Settings > Wifi > Then select the blue arrow on the right of the network that you are connected to and click "Forget this Network".7. How do I find out what wifi chipset my phone has?I simply used the dmesg command in a terminal emulator and scrolled until I found anything named bcm432x... and wlan. Think thats it. I have lg p5008. I'm not entirely sure what WiFi is?Have a look at the wikipedia article. Usually you would get a DSL connection and set up your wireless network at home. The wireless network connection is also called W-LAN or WiFi, but in this context, WiFi has nothing to do with the ISP. Not sure if in your region any provider sells internet acces via WiFi, this is not a common thing to do.9. What is wifi and what does it do for a phone?If you have internet at home and have a wireless router you can connect wirelessly to it and get on the internet etc. on your phone. Hope this helps!10. 802.11 standards compliant methods of forming a LAN. Unlike Ethernet, data does not travel along a cable, but rather, wirelessly, at a frequency of 2.4GHz (802.11b/g) or 5.0GHz (802.11n and the antiquated 802.11a)11. What is "WiFi" and can you explain ,more about it? I'm GOnna buy a laptop.?well if you want wifi in your home you have to have an internet connection threw a modem..ex comcast, qwest, at&t. you will need to purchase a wireless router, its just another device that hooks into your modem. so no it is not free, but it is a one time charge because your ISP will not charge you to have the wireless router hooked up...and where you can use it is in your home. you can also connect to wifi at places like starbucks, and that is free as well.12. What WiFi router brands or models are considered to be secure? [closed]For cheap solution I use a wifi router well supported by dd-wrt alternative firmware. Here you can find supported models database.For more advanced, trouble-safe solution I use Ubiquiti UniFi - the AC-Lite model is really good.13. What is a bluetooth? what is WIFI? And what is a BLU RAY DVD?Bluetooth is a wireless technology for connecting electronic devices to each other. For instance there are Bluetooth Headphones, Bluetooth Cell Phone Ear Pieces, etc... If you want to be able to use the Bluetooth Ear Pieces with your cellphone, your cellphone must be Bluetooth compatible. WiFi is a method of connecting to the internet wirelessly. For instance many big cities may have "WiFi Hotspots". If you are in these WiFi Hotspots and you have your laptop or any other device that can connect to the internet wirelessly, you can surf the web wirelessly as long as you are in that particular area. And Blu-Ray is Sony's High Definition format disc. The difference between Blu-Ray and Regular DVD is that Blu-Ray can produce 1080p HD quality picture and Blu-Ray can hold more data. A Single Layer Blu-Ray disc can hold 25GB and a Dual Layer DVD can hold 50GB. A standard DVD can only hold around 8.5GB total. Basically if you have a HDTV, Blu-Ray would be the best choice for getting the best picture quality with clear, crisp viewing quality.
Which Is Better, WiFi Or ZigBee Wireless Technology
Which Is Better, WiFi Or ZigBee Wireless Technology
Wireless replacing wired has become an irreversible trend, which can also be said to be a new industry. At present, there are two technical camps of ZigBee and WiFi in the field of smart home, and WiFi and ZigBee have their own advantages in wireless technology. Among the most popular wireless technologies in the industry, WiFi technology and ZigBee technology are the most worthy of competition. So which is more advantageous, WiFi or ZigBee? Who will become the mainstream in the future? This is worth discussing.WiFi: WiFi technology is the fastest transmission technology at present. The product cost is low and it is more popular in current life. However, the devices that can be connected with WiFi are limited. The actual scale of adding WiFi network to devices generally will not exceed 16. In the development of, the number of switches, lighting and home appliances will certainly be far more than 16, so WiFi has its advantages, but it has great limitations, Limited development.ZigBee is a two-way wireless communication technology with low complexity, high security and short-range transmission. It has the characteristics of strong scalability and can be embedded in various household devices. ZigBee also has advantages in security.1. The future smart home network will be a smart network, which can sensitively perceive the changes of data and traffic of each node; Be able to intelligently allocate, repair and deal with network resources; It has the attribute of "self-learning and self-organization".. However, in the practical application of families, switches, lighting, curtains, anti-theft devices, etc. will not move after installation.2. ZigBee supports up to 65000 nodes, but can WiFi connect more than 100 devices? The answer is No. So large capacity is good.For example, LVMI smart home, that is, Xiaomi's smart home brand, basically supports ZigBee protocol.When it comes to LVMI, I recommend their smart gateway. The smart home market is very messy. Sometimes we are excited to buy it and find that it does not support it. Therefore, when we buy it, we should see what the device supports or does not support. Of course, the best thing is to buy a gateway with high compatibility. LVMI's gateway product not only supports ZigBee protocol, but also is compatible with homekit. This product supports 32 aqara devices of green rice, which can be connected with Apple's "home" app. After that, it can control the associated devices on IOS devices and Siri directly. I think most young people now use fruit machines to compare prices. In this way, it is still very friendly to most IOS users. For fruit powder users, the biggest advantage of this product is price. At present, the smart home products supporting homekit on Apple's official website are very expensive. Even a simple smart socket costs 295 yuan. Through the aqara gateway of LVMI, the cost of access equipment can be reduced.Well, comprehensive comparison, WiFi is relatively more convenient, but ZigBee will be more stable and support more devices. If you only want to use one or two smart devices, WiFi can be used. If you want to create a complete set of smart home ecological chain, it is obvious that ZigBee is more in line with your requirements. Xiaobian is more optimistic about ZigBee. After all, home is developing towards the trend of comprehensive intelligence, Technology with multiple devices can ensure this. No matter what kind of technology, we hope to constantly update and improve, and making our products convenient is the king.
Smart Home Promotes Building Intercom into Thousands of Households, with Large Stock and Incremental
Smart Home Promotes Building Intercom into Thousands of Households, with Large Stock and Incremental
In the large densely populated cities of Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen and the rising second and third tier cities, the housing demand is increasing year by year. The huge floating population not only promotes the rapid development of low-end real estate resources in the first tier cities, but also extends the complex industrial chain around the buildings. In particular, the development slogan of "smart city" put forward by the state in recent two years gives hope to the market that lives on security products around buildings in addition to real estate developers.Smart home promotes building intercom into thousands of householdsAt present, more and more building intercom manufacturers begin to go deep into the field of smart home and combine building intercom system with smart home system. This is reflected in the construction of "digital building" and "smart home industry ecosystem":Combined with the smart home system, in addition to the traditional intercom unlocking function, the building intercom also integrates many convenient functions such as SMS notification, mobile app remote control, security alarm, indoor monitoring and viewing, elevator call, home control, information home and so on.Building intercom and smart home complement each other, further improving the value-added space and cost performance of both, thus bringing huge space for function expansion.In the future, it is expected to take advantage of the upsurge of smart home to develop rapidly in the wave of home intelligence, and will carry more home control functions.Smart community derived demand brings new business opportunities for building intercomIn addition to the smart home, the building intercom system, as the entrance of the smart community, realizes the extension of multiple functions such as identity confirmation, access control, security monitoring, human-computer interaction and so on by combining AI technology.The consumer demand derived from the smart community can be said to bring new business opportunities to the building intercom industry. In the process of continuous promotion of the smart community, many building intercom enterprises see the future business opportunities and begin to make corresponding layout and planning on products and solutions. Using information means, Internet and Internet of things technology, develop community oriented Internet of things system and information platform, and provide real-time, fast, efficient and low-cost Internet of things, interconnection and intelligence for the community on this basis. For example, it launched smart community management, smart life services, smart travel and other related solutions, and continued to pay attention to the field of community and personal security.High, middle and low-end take all stock and incremental market space is largeAs an upstream industry of real estate, building intercom has significantly increased the demand for medium and low-end building intercom products under the condition that the state vigorously promotes the construction of affordable housing and indemnificatory housing.With the implementation of smart city construction, the demand for high-end building intercom products is also increasing day by day. The application of high-definition visualization and face recognition in the field of building intercom is accelerating.At the same time, after more than 20 years of development, many communities equipped with building intercom in the early stage are facing problems such as disrepair and backward configuration. Therefore, the equipment renewal demand of old communities has also become a new round of market growth point of building intercom system.Overall, China's housing market will continue to develop. According to the relevant development strategies of the State Council, China will build 10 billion square meters of housing by 2020. For building intercom enterprises, there is a large development space for building intercom related products in both stock market and incremental market.Conclusion: in a word, opening up the integration and docking with comprehensive life service platforms and community operation platforms such as third-party payment, smart city, video surveillance, community o2o e-commerce, smart home and community elderly care, that is to provide overall solutions for communities and families, which has become the future development trend of deepening reform, transformation and upgrading of building intercom enterprises. Moreover, with the gradual improvement of community infrastructure, building intercom enterprises also need to change from the role of product provider to the role of supporting service provider.
Upgrading of Set Top Box
Upgrading of Set Top Box
Cable STB From 1990 to 2005, the first generation set-top box, also known as analog TV set-top box, dominated the family living room for 15 years. However, due to the unidirectional content and low definition, it also replaced as the second generation set-top box - Digital TV set-top box as CRT TV withdrew from the historical stage. Although the definition of digital TV set-top box has changed greatly, the unidirectional content of both the first and second generation set-top boxes still fails to meet the needs of users. However, the second-generation TV set-top box still has a very large market. It carries the main way of radio and television live broadcasting. It has been in service until today. With the popularization of Internet and triple play, the second-generation TV set-top box has added interactivity.IPTV set top boxIPTV (Internet Protocol Television), namely network protocol television, is a technology that uses broadband network and integrates Internet, multimedia, communication and other technologies to provide home users with a variety of interactive video services, including digital TV. Its three major functions of live broadcasting, watching back and time shift turn the originally linear TV programs into a nonlinear program stream. Users can choose programs instead of watching programs, which is a great subversion to the viewing habits of traditional cable TV users. In 2004, China's IPTV was jointly launched by Heilongjiang Unicom (formerly Netcom) and Shanghai Wenguang blockbuster in Harbin, and then expanded to other provinces and cities in China. After the exploration stage from 2004 to 2008, the launch stage from 2009 to 2012 and the promotion stage from 2013 to 2017, IPTV has developed very rapidly in China.Ott boxNetwork STB began to rise in 2005, also known as Ott box. Ott not only provides free video viewing without monthly rent, but also can realize on-demand service. At this time, the network STB can only realize the function of online on-demand. Until 2007, Jingchen solved the problem of decoding, the network STB added the local playback function, and then Android in 2011 Â The entry of TV platform has made a qualitative leap in the network set-top box industry. The Ott industry has changed from "pseudo two-way" to full two-way. The Android TV platform has fundamentally solved the problem of openness. The network set-top box has entered the era of intelligent network set-top box, and the box industry has entered a period of rapid prosperity and development. From 2011 to 2015, the intelligent network set-top box based on 32-bit software and hardware processing system gradually developed into dual core, quad core and 8-core, and the hardware performance tended to be improved. The Android version was from 1.6 to 4.2, and the software became more and more mature, supporting 4K display resolution. Since 2015, the intelligent network set-top box based on 64 bit software and hardware processing system has become popular, The mainstream box is equipped with 1GB or 2GB of running memory, bringing scalable intelligent applications with strong hardware and software.
Buying Manchester United Tickets Online with a One United Membership?
Buying Manchester United Tickets Online with a One United Membership?
Hi, tickets are not yet available for the game against West Brom, It will show an M instead of a H, you could try and ring 0161 868 8000, I am not sure the code if you are ringing from Thailand. To answer the other question you asked, it is possible to get 4 tickets together but it will cost you a bit more because Manchester United have to take a cut of the tickets price which is about 10 per ticket, if you are not bothered about money then there are currently 4 tickets to the West Brom game on the front row at 40 a ticket which will eventually turn in to about 60-70 a ticket including booking fees and postage and the money that Man Utd take, you will have to wait for the tickets to be all sold out before they sell the the tickets on Viagogo. Hope that helps. Paul— — — — — —How do you ensure a narc stays in love with you? Even if you know of all his transgressionsu2026 And still want him back.. what steps can you take to reunite yourself back with the narc you so desperately love?I wanted mine back to the point I gave up on him and us lol. What never has been a unit can not be reunited, it's that simple. If he is a npd he was acting and you should not want to live and love an actor at all right?.— — — — — —what do you think about the Creative Zen Stone MP3 player?you can get smaller and cheaper one gig units anywhere, personal preference is a unit with sd card as you can change the tracks available with your mood, and the expandability is great,— — — — — —What is a Packaged Unit - All About HVAC Package UnitsThese units function in the same way that central air systems do, except that the single unit is connected to both the supply and return air ducts (in central air systems, the ducts are attached to various components in your home). The input air is processed through the compressor and coils to cool it, and is then pushed through the duct system.— — — — — —Is it possible to break a rental lease without having to pay the remaining?Get a copy of the lease, for your records. It probably does not matter for this part, because it is universally illegal to rent a unit that it unfit for human habitation. You need to obtain a professional document that states what needs to be repaired. You can send that to the landlord with a cover letter asking to be released from the lease and for return of 100 percent of your rent since September and your damage deposit. Most states protect you from being "evicted" in retaliation for reporting health and safety problems. However, as mentioned by others, the health or building inspector could INSTANTLY condemn the unit and force you to go live someplace else. The landlord would be, in theory, responsible for paying the reasonable cost of your alternative accommodations, because it's his fault. Now you can look at the lease, or state law, and find the part where the landlord has obligations to maintain a safe and healthy unit for you, or something similar. Notify the landlord, in writing, that you feel the condition of the unit does not fulfill the requirements of the lease and that you consider the lease terminated as of the end of the next month, or any earlier date to which he may agree, without further obligation by either of you beyond that date, but reserving your "other rights" to date (i.e, your right to sue for all the rent you have ever paid, without actually saying that).— — — — — —what do you do when your ac unit freezes?If its the indoor coil and its on the furnace just turn on the heat for a little bit and put fan on manual.If its the outdoor unit just turn it off let it thaw.You can speed the process with a hair dryer or heat gun. Bottom line is you have a problem. Good be dirt in the coil or low charge or too small a unit or dirty air filter.Should be checked out
The Benefits of Using the Right Fence Post Lights
The Benefits of Using the Right Fence Post Lights
Solar Powered Fence Post LightsIt is difficult to tell how much solar powered fence post lights cost in the United States. We are fortunate to have many good things to do with our money and energy saving power. Solar powered fence post lights can save you money on electricity bills, have an emergency generator that works for you and helps you keep your house warm when it is time to run your home or business. They are very easy to install and cost effective. Solar powered fence post lights can also be found on a variety of retail outlets in the United States. They are easy to install and use and provide great light control.It is not always easy to decide what kind of fence to buy and when to use it. You have to know what kind of fence to choose from and what kind of solar powered fence to use. There are several different types of solar powered fence post lights, but you have to consider the type of fence you are using. The best solar powered fence post lights are available in various shapes and styles. They are useful for people who want to keep their yard in good condition and will not be burdened by high maintenance costs.With over 300 solar powered fence post lights in stock and well-built, efficient fences that are easy to maintain, maintenance free and energy efficient, there is no need to build them yourself. With a little help from our electricians, we can make sure that the light bulbs and solar powered fence post lights are as energy efficient as possible. All you need to do is set the bulb on the fence post lights and turn them on.With more than two billion dollars invested in solar powered fences around the world, it's no wonder that solar powered fence lights are becoming a top choice for many people. There are so many types of solar powered fence lights and each one of them has its own advantages and disadvantages. You can get solar powered fence lights at your local yard or buy solar powered fence lights to have in your garden. Solar powered fence lights are perfect for creating an amazing view over your property.Solar Powered Post Lights for GardenWe have had some really good solar powered post lights that we are planning on putting into our garden. We have had some really good solar powered post lights that we are planning on putting into our garden. Solar powered post lights can be used to create beautiful and bright outdoor living spaces. They can be used to create an indoor space or a home office. Solar powered post lights can also be used to add security to your garden and provide privacy for your family. Solar powered post lights can also be used to add security to your garden.The most important thing to consider when buying solar powered post lights is how they work. When you have solar powered post lights then it is good to check if they are functioning properly. You can get solar powered post lights at low cost by investing in solar powered post lights. If you have solar powered post lights then it is good to check if they are working properly. It is also good to check if they are not doing their job properly. They have been producing the best solar powered post lights in the market for years.It is difficult to find solar powered post lights in supermarkets, although some stores have installed solar powered post lights. Most of the other major supermarket chains are installing solar powered post lights and charging them using a USB port. There are many different types of solar powered post lights and a lot of them can be used to provide power to any part of the garden. This article will show you how to use solar powered post lights in your garden.If you have ever had to deal with an electric bulb in your garden, you know how frustrating it is to see the switch that will turn on your light and turn it on at the same time. If you have a huge garden then solar powered post lights are a great way to add value to your garden. Solar powered post lights can also be used to add privacy to your garden and give you privacy in your garden. You can choose to use solar powered post lights as well as other household lighting such as LED solar post lights.Solar Powered Post Lights for Outdoor PatioThe benefits of solar powered post lights are as follows: ÂA little bit of electricity is used to power our computers, printers, and other devices. When we use solar powered post lights for outdoor patio we need to be able to charge our phones and other devices that are connected to the power of the solar powered post lights. The best solar powered post lights for outdoor patio use solar powered post lights. It can also be used to have a more controlled lighting system that uses an infrared sensor to make sure that the lights are all working properly.It is very important to note that solar powered post lights are energy efficient and they have an integrated circuit that monitors the current flowing through them. They are also much safer than incandescent lights. Solar powered post lights can be found at many places around the world and you can find them at some of the major markets in the world. These solar powered post lights can be used by outdoor patio, garden, balcony, deck, patio, porch, balcony, etc. You can use them to place light posts on your patio, deck, porch, balcony, porch, porch, balcony, etc.Solar powered post lights are the way to go in many homes and businesses in the United States. There are several types of solar powered post lights that you can choose from. They are called solar post lights because they use an array of energy-efficient bulbs that produce up to 150W of light per square meter. Solar powered post lights can also be used to add lighting to your patio, balcony, garden, porch, balcony, or any other object that you want to have on your patio or balcony.Solar powered post lights are used by many people all over the world to light up their home or patio in the dark. They are an effective way to add some color to your garden and yard. Solar powered post lights are available in various shapes and sizes and can be installed in any style of garden or patio. They are great for indoor use and also provide privacy from outside weather. They are easy to install and you can set them up on your patio or deck.Solar Powered Fence Post Cap LightsThe sun is shining and you can see it from the distance, but there are some things that we can do to protect our eyes. One of the things that we can do is get solar powered fence post caps to match the weather. There are some great options out there that will be a good option for home and business owners who want to make sure that their property is protected from any type of wind or solar powered fence post caps. Solar powered fence post caps are easy to use and they will last for years. It is also an excellent option for those who have been able to purchase solar powered fence post caps.It is important to note that solar powered fence post caps are still being developed and are now sold in shops. Solar powered fence post caps are becoming more popular as they provide an inexpensive way to put together your fence. There are many different solar powered fence post caps and what you need to consider is the type of solar powered fence post caps you need. These posts can be purchased from any source and will have the best lighting for your garden. They can be bought from any source and will also be connected to a power source so you can use it to turn on lights on your property.There are many types of solar powered fence posts that can be attached to your fence post. The best way to get solar powered fence posts into your yard is to make sure that they are easy to install and use. They also have some features that will help you save on electricity bills. Solar powered fence posts can also help with snow removal, brush burns, etc. Solar powered fence posts can also help with irrigation, landscaping, etc. Solar powered fence posts can also help with frosts and other cold weather storms.
Gentlemen, Meet My New Friend  Mr Porter
Gentlemen, Meet My New Friend Mr Porter
The latest discovery I've made is Mr Porter.MRPORTER.COM is the award-winning global retail destination for men's style, combining the best international menswear with editorial content.You can browser their site for some of the more 'high-end' fashion brands but they also offer probably one of the most captivating YouTube channels I've discovered in some time. It not only captures my attention completely but also offers some inspiring videos and insights into everyday life. This can range from learning about how the great Magus Nilsson (one of the worlds top chefs) cooks outside in his local forrest, to how to pack your suitcase correctly.Highly recommended for your viewing pleasure. You can view the YouTube channel here. Also, here's some of my favourites:.• RELATED QUESTIONShould I trust a girl again if she friend-zones me because she wasn't clear about her feelings, and now she wants to be a friend?Yes, I am a girl, and I often wish a guy is more patient and not just so self-centered focusing only on what he wants from me, but rather be patient and wait till I am ready to feel more than a friend, or at least start being a friend first. Friend-zoned does not mean no chance, and I have seen so many guys saying friend-zoned means a guy should give up and move on, and that is really not the case, unless she finds you completely unattractive. You can not even be friends with her, getting to know her and developing trust? What is wrong with being friends first and more later? It is much safer for both people involved getting to know the person as a friend, so if she/he turns out to be a crazy, immoral, disrespectful or wrongful person, you can stop it right there, without sleeping together. Why guys these days are so self-centred and only thinking about himself and not about the other person? If you are so selfish to the point that you can not even be a friend with her, do not be a friend, let her move on to some nice guy out there, at least he would respect her enough to be a person, and not an object of sexual desire. You do not just trust someone, you develop a feeling of trust after getting to know someone and you earn someone's trust, not an instant thing.Should I trust a girl again if she friend-zones me because she was not clear about her feelings, and now she wants to be a friend?.My sister lied to her friend. What should I tell her?we all know that one day, any relationship will end so....i just think that ur sister should end this dating thing because when i was in 5th grade something like that happenned and they kissed too and guess what... the guys just forgot all about the girls and they cheated on them and forgot how much they used to love eachother ur sis's friend is a true friend and she should not let her go out of reach because she's the one that will stay and her bf is gonna be the one that will leave so should dump her bf and go to her friend apologize and tell her that she dumped him and continue their friendship (:Food gifts for a friend in Peace Corps?When our daughter was a PCV in Peru, she sent us a list. I would suggest you ask your friend what she would like in a "Care" package. She knows better than we do what she yearns for and what is available in her village. When I was a PCV, years and years ago, I asked for that stuff you add to simple syrup that makes it taste like maple syrup, sort of. I made pancakes every couple of weeks. What almost any volunteer would like would be short, chatty letters, on paper, sent with commemorative stamps, with a picture or two of her home town, friends and family. If you and she grew up in the same town, for instance, a picture of the park as the seasons change, for instance. Pictures of you and some of her other friends; pictures of her pets, as well, if you can. You could also send her pictures of ordinary things in the USA, for her to show to her hosts. The inside of a supermarket, for instance. Chances are they do not wrap their meat in plastic at her post. I took pictures of the meat, produce and kitchen gadget section of our supermarket for our daughter. (Ask the manager for permission first, and tell him/her why you want to take the pictures.) I had a picture I took on the SF Bay bridge while my friend was driving; it showed one tower and 5 lanes of traffic. It always amazed my fellow teachers and students, because our school was 110 miles from the nearest paved road. The gravel road to our school was two lane, and not particularly busy.I'm infatuated with my daughter's best friend. Do you think she's beautiful? Does she like me?It's immoral and unethical to do anything with your daughter's best friend. I think you are already way pushing it by posting a picture and buying her a bear. It's wrong, and you know it is wrong too, otherwise you would not be posting this. And yes, the FRIEND OF YOUR DAUGHTER is very pretty. And I hope you are a troll. Edit: Infatuation is NOT love. LUST is NOT love. I am sure you are a kind person, I am sure she's sweet and pretty, but at the end of the day, she is 16 and your daughter's friend. I hate to bring it to you, but she is not going to stay with you, even if anything ever happened with you two. Do you think this could be a healthy relationship, supported by family and friends? Do not you think she will mature, not want to spend her time with the (in her eyes) old father of her (then former) friend? You are dreaming, and that's alright, but leave it with that.Falling for best friend's wife?A man should keep it in his pants. If you value this friendship and value your karma (what goes around, comes around, my friend) you will do what you know to be right. Do not betray your friend and do not get involved with his wife. I would put some distance between you and your friend's wife too, that way you wo not be constantly faced with the temptation. There are many fish in the sea, you do not have to go after one that's already taken, let alone one that's taken by your friendI envy my FORMER best friend?"He's very popular on FB, Instagram and stuff, while I barely get any likes." Which means he probably spends his life on social media and the internet and really does not do much else. Whereas other people also do things like reading, art, things that contribute to society etc.. "He has TONS of friends, and he goes out all the time - while I only have a couple of friends, and most of the time I am just staying home. " Jeez, between living on the internet and partying, when does this guy have time for school work? Also, although he has tons of friends, how many of them do you think he is really, really close to? How many of his friends would give their lives to save his if the time came? Whereas I am sure you and your friends are closer than peas in a pod c: "He has had 8 girlfriends so far, while I only had 2, and it was almost 2 years ago since my last relationship. He also gets a lot of compliments about his look, while people barely notice what I am wearing." Eight girlfriends? You sure this guy is not a player? Do not worry, in 50 years time, you will be the one with a wife who you love more than anything and he will be the one hooking up with random women he has never met. There is no need to be jealous over this guy!Does my friend's boyfriend soon to be fiance like me? or is he just being nice?What the hell? this guy seems as if he is into you, that is not normal behavior, if my boyfriend went kissing one of my girlfriend on the head when me him are a serious i would be pissed off like hell. Plus your friend's man should not care whether another guy touches u, that is not he's concern. My brother do not put he's hands on my thigh when he is talking to me. Please do not be into this guy only because of he's money because if someone else comes along who is richer than you will just go for the richer guy. Also keep your distance a bit, even though he seems to be the one initating everything, i am sure u do not wanna risk losing your friend and be called the boyfriend stealer, this guy trying to make a move on you and is covering by saying your like a sister to him, yeh right lol. Does your friend know that he bought you an expensive purse and kissed you on your head and touch your thighs while your talking? Does he act this way to your when your friend is around? now think about this, if your friend knew would she be ok with that? would she says "oh he is treating u in a sister way." I really do not think so, so this guy seem like think your attractive, if i were u i would keep a big distance, do not be alone with him when your friend is not there.how much time is my friend lookin at?First of all, it depends on what state your friend's probation was in. For example, I live in Texas, and when charged with probation violation in this state, you are held WITHOUT bond or the ability to bail out until you either get re-instated by probation to continue with them or a court appearance with your judge where you have to face either additional charges or reinstatement... Penalty for probation violation in my state is high... I was on probation myself in the state of Texas and violated... ( I had been sentenced to 5 years probation ). I was then arrested and had to see my judge to see if he would either a.) reinstate me and allow me to either continue on my current sentence or b.) charge me with new cases, in which case, I would probably get my probation revoked and serve the remainder of my original 5 years incarcerated in prison. One thing very odd though is that you say he has been OFF probation for 3 or 4 years, correct? I am very confused by this because the only way that you can get arrested for probation violation is if you are CURRENTLY on probation.. If your friend got pulled over for speeding and was not charged with anything else, and SUCCESSFULLY completed his probation a few years ago, then there is a SERIOUS mistake being made and your friend needs to contact an lawyer immediately... However, if he just stopped going or did not completely serve ALL of his probated sentence, then he has violated... in which case he faces the original charge he got arrested for when he got probation.. I hope this helps.. good luck. mols *updated... Hey, Just saw that you had added that his DWI was in Texas.... Basically, If he has been arrested for a probation violation in Texas for the reason of a pending DWI charge he received while ON probation, then he unfortunately will be looking at some time. Texas is really cracking down on DWI over the past year or 2, and they are notorious for violating probated offenders... To narrow it down anymore I would need to know: a) if he was on felony or misdemeanor probation and for how long b) was this probation deferred or did he take the straight probation with conviction and 3) does he have a real world lawyer or a court appointed.. If you can tell me any of that information, I can pretty much tell you what he's gonna get.
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